FormBook is an Infostealer targeting the Windows operating system that, once deployed, can collect credentials, collect screenshots, monitor and log keystrokes, as well as download and execute files according to your command and control (C&C) commands. Since it was first detected in 2016, it has continued to make a name for itself, marketed as Malware as a Service (MaaS) on underground hacking forums, known for its robust evasion techniques and relatively low price.
August also saw a rapid increase in GuLoader activity, resulting in it being the fourth most widespread malware. GuLoader was initially used to download Parallax RAT, but has since been applied to other remote access Trojans and information stealers such as Netwire, FormBook, and Agent Tesla. It is commonly distributed via extensive email phishing campaigns, which lure the victim into downloading and opening a malicious file, allowing the malware to go to work.
“The changes we see in this month’s index, from Emotet dropping from first to fifth place to Joker becoming the third most prevalent mobile malware, reflects how quickly the threat landscape can change,” he said.
CPR also revealed this month that the Education/Research sector remains the industry most targeted by cybercriminals globally. With Government/Military and Health occupying the second and third place as the most attacked sectors. “Apache Log4j Remote Code Execution” returns to the top spot as the most exploited vulnerability, impacting 44% of organizations worldwide, after overtaking “Web Server Exposed Git Repository Information Disclosure” which had an impact of 42%.
Major malware families
*Arrows relate to rank change compared to the previous month.
FormBook is the most widespread malware this month, affecting 5% of organizations worldwide, followed by AgentTesla with an impact of 4% and XMRig with 2%.
- ↑ Book of Forms – FormBook is an Infostealer targeting the Windows operating system and was first detected in 2016. It is marketed as Malware as a Service (MaaS) on underground hacking forums due to its strong circumvention techniques and relatively low price. FormBook collects credentials from various web browsers, collects screenshots, monitors and logs keystrokes, and can download and execute files according to your C&C’s commands.
- ↑ AgentTesla – AgentTesla is an advanced RAT that functions as a keylogger and information stealer, which is capable of monitoring and collecting victim’s keyboard input, system keyboard, taking screenshots and leaking credentials to a variety of software installed on the victim’s machine (including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Microsoft Outlook email client).
- ↓ XMRig – XMRig is an open source CPU software used to mine the Monero cryptocurrency. Threat actors often abuse this open source software by integrating it into their malware to illegally mine victims’ devices.
Main industries attacked worldwide
this month the Education/Research remained in first place as the most attacked industry worldwide, followed by Military government Y Health care.
- Military government
- Health care
Main vulnerabilities exploited
This month, “Apache Log4j Remote Code Execution” is the most common exploited vulnerability, affecting 44% of organizations globally, followed by “Web Server Exposed Git Repository Information Disclosure” which went from first place to second with an incidence of 42%. “Visualization of malicious URL directories of web servers” remains in third place, with an overall impact of 39%.
- ↑ Apache Log4j Remote Code Execution (CVE-2021-44228) – A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Apache Log4j. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the affected system.
- ↓ Web Server Exposed Git Repository Information Disclosure – An information disclosure vulnerability has been reported in Git Repository. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow unintentional disclosure of account information.
- ↔ Malicious URL Web Servers Directory Traversal (CVE-2010-4598,CVE-2011-2474,CVE-2014-0130,CVE-2014-0780,CVE-2015-0666,CVE-2015-4068,CVE-2015-7254 – A directory traversal vulnerability exists on different web servers. The vulnerability is due to an input validation error in a web server that does not properly sanitize the URI for directory traversal patterns. Successful exploitation allows remote, unauthenticated attackers to reveal or access arbitrary files on the vulnerable server.
Major malware for mobile devices
This month alienbot is the most frequent mobile malware, followed by Anubis Y jester.
- alien robot – AlienBot is an Android banking Trojan, clandestinely sold as Malware-as-a-Service (MaaS). Supports keylogging, dynamic overlays for credential theft, as well as SMS harvesting to bypass 2FA. Additional remote control capabilities are provided through the use of a TeamViewer module.
- anubis- Anubis is a banking Trojan malware designed for Android mobile phones. Since it was initially detected, it has acquired additional features, including Remote Access Trojan (RAT) functionality, keylogger and audio recording capabilities, as well as various ransomware features. It has been detected in hundreds of different apps available on the
- jester – An Android spy software on Google Play, designed to steal SMS messages, contact lists and device information. Furthermore, the malware can also sign up the victim for paid premium services without the victim’s consent or knowledge.
Check Point’s Global Threat Impact Index and its ThreatCloud Map are powered by Check Point’s ThreatCloud intelligence. ThreatCloud provides real-time threat intelligence derived from hundreds of millions of sensors around the world, across networks, endpoints, and mobile. Intelligence is enriched with AI-based engines and research data exclusive to
The full list of the top ten malware families for July can be found on the Check Point blog.
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